Publications

2017

Numerical investigations on a yarn structure at the microscale towards scale transition

Authors : DEL SORBO, Pietro GIRARDOT, Jeremy DAU, Frederic IORDANOFF, Ivan
Publisher : ELSEVIER
Since the beginning of the last decade, few examples of multifilament models for dry fabrics have been presented in literature. This work deals with the simulation of a single yarn subjected to transverse impact. Inspired by the models previously developed by other authors, a revisited form of Discrete Element Method has been adopted to perform microscopic analyses in a more efficient computational environment. Transverse impact analysis onto a single KEVLAR KM2 yarn has been performed using this approach. Truss elements have been adopted to discretize yarn filaments instead of heavy computational 3D finite elements. A good agreement with literature results has been achieved with an important reduction of computational resource. In the end, a proposed scale transition is discussed.
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2018

Contrôle du Convertisseur Modulaire Multiniveaux connecté à une source DC inductive

Authors : QORIA, Taoufik GRUSON, Francois DELARUE, Philippe COLAS, Frederic LE MOIGNE, Philippe GUILLAUD, X.
Publisher :
L'utilisation de la transmission DC est particulièrement avantageuse pour la transmission à longue distance et l'interconnexion des réseaux AC asynchrones. Plusieurs topologies de convertisseur peuvent être utilisées pour le HVDC. Les convertisseurs modulaires multiniveaux (MMC) sont les plus favorisés étant donné leurs avantages technologiques par rapport aux autres topologies de convertisseurs. Du fait de leur maturité industrielle, ils se sont imposés maintenant pour tous les convertisseurs AC/DC à transistors de forte puissance. Jusqu'ici, ils ont toujours été étudiés avec une source de tension côté DC. Or, lorsqu'ils sont équipés de DC breaker, on associe une inductance en série pour limiter les variations de courant. Ceci a des conséquences en terme de modélisation puis de détermination de la commande. Cet article a pour objectif de proposer une modification de commande afin de prendre en compte cette inductance.
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2016

New analytical model for delamination of CFRP during drilling

Authors : GIROT, Franck DAU, Frederic GUTIERREZ-ORRANTIA, Esther
Publisher : ELSEVIER
Drilling of composite material structure is a widely used process in aeronautical assembly due to itsbest manufacturing value (ratio quality/cost). However, delamination which can be generated at the holeexit is still a problem and is directly related to the drill axial force, the composite material mechanicalcharacteristics and the load distribution along the cutting and chisel edges. This paper analyzes thedistribution of the load along the drill edges and points out a triangular distribution associated to anadditional load located at the centre of the drill. This additional load depends strongly on the feed rate.An orthotropic analytical model is then proposed in order to determine the delamination critical thrustduring drilling for different combined loadings. This new model is compared with the existing ones inthe literature and with experimental results. This analysis highlights that delamination occurs in a mixedmode and not in mode I only. The use of the B-K criterion for the determination of the equivalent criticalenergy release rate GCand a cutting edge combined loading (triangular distribution associated to anadditional load) allow a close correlation between experimental measurements and the prediction ofthis new model.
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2010

Imperfection-sensitive ductility of aluminium thin films

Authors : COULOMBIER, Marc BOE, Alexandre BRUGGER, Charles RASKIN, Jean.Pierre PARDOEN, Therry
Publisher : ELSEVIER
Ductility, defined as the strain at the onset of necking, has been characterized in thin Al films using an on-chip, internal stress actuated, microtensile testing setup. In the smallest specimens, the ductility is equal to 0.08 and 0.27 for 200 and 375 nm thick films, respectively, while the average strain-hardening exponents are, respectively, equal to 0.11 and 0.23. In addition to the thickness effect, ductility decreases with increasing specimen size due to imperfection sensitivity, involving a size-dependent statistical behaviour.
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2018

Tuning of Cascaded Controllers for Robust Grid-Forming Voltage Source Converter

Authors : QORIA, Taoufik GRUSON, François COLAS, Frédéric GUILLAUD, Xavier DEBRY, Marie-Sophie PREVOST, Thierry
Publisher : IEEE
From the origin of the grid, energy has been delivered to electrical loads mainly by synchronous machines. All the main rules to manage the grid have been based on the electromechanical behavior of these machines which have been extensively studied for many years. Due to the increase of HVDC link and renewable energy sources as wind turbine and PV, power converters are massively introduced in the grid with a fundamentally different dynamic behavior. Some years ago, they were connected as simple power injector. Then, they were asked to provide some ancillary services to the grid, in the future, grid forming capability will be required. Even if grid-forming converters had been extensively studied for microgrids and offshore grids, it has to be adapted to transmission grid where the topology may be largely modified. This paper presents an algorithm for calculating the controller parameters of a grid-forming converter which guarantee a stable behavior for many different configurations of the grid.
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2010

Strain gradient plasticity analysis of the strength and ductility of thin metallic films using an enriched interface model

Authors : BRUGGER, Charles COULOMBIER, Michel MASSART, Thierry J. RAKIN, Jean-Pierre
Publisher : ELSEVIER
The mechanical response of thin metallic films is simulated using a two-dimensional strain gradient plasticity finite-element model involving grain boundaries in order to investigate the effect of the thickness, grain shape and surface constraint on the strength, ductility and back-stress. The grain boundaries and surface layers are modeled as initially impenetrable to dislocations while allowing for relaxation at a critical stress level. The model captures the variation of the strength with grain size, film thickness, and with the presence or not of constraining surface layers, in agreement with experimental results on Al and Cu films. A decrease in the uniform elongation is predicted with decreasing film thickness due to a loss of strain-hardening capacity and the possible presence of imperfections. These two effects dominate over the stabilizing contribution of the plastic strain gradients. Accounting for the relaxation of the interface constraint affects the magnitude of the back-stress as well as the drop in ductility.
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2019

Space Truss Masonry Walls With Robotic Mortar Extrusion

Authors : DUBALLET, Romain BAVEREL, Olivier DIRRENBERGER, Justin
Publisher : Elsevier BV
This work presents a generalized method for robotic mortar extrusion, allowing the fabrication of structural-insulating walls of novel performances. It involves two distinct steps that are to be simultaneously automated: extrusion of a specifically formulated mortar, and assembly of adequately shaped insulating blocks. Here, the layer by layer approach of concrete printing is renewed by using insulating blocks as support for the extrusion. The volumetric space of the wall is divided by an adequate space tessellation, dividing it in polyhedra. They become insulating blocks, on the edges of which mortar is extruded. The set of edges then forms a space truss, of great mechanical efficiency. “Printable” mortar is crucial to the system for the blocks could not withstand the hydrostatic pressure of fresh mortar without additional form-work features, once a few meters height has been reached. This approach renews traditional confined masonry, allowing for geometric complexity and automation.
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2016

Residual Stress Field Prediction in Shot Peened Mechanical Parts with Complex Geometries

Authors : GELINEAU, Maxime BARRALLIER, Laurent ROUHAUD, Emmanuelle KUBLER, Régis PUYDT, Quentin
Publisher : Materials Research Forum
In order to introduce automatically the residual stresses field into a Finite Element model with complex geometry, a PYTHON code has been developed and linked to the software ABAQUS. A comparison between modelling and experiment is carried out by using X-ray diffraction analysis to determine the in-depth residual stress state of Ni-based alloy samples after shot peening.
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2016

Analysis of Residual Stress Relaxation Under Mechanical Cyclic Loading of Shot-Peened TRIP780 Steel

Authors : MAUDUIT, Clément KUBLER, Régis BARRALLIER, Laurent BERVEILLER, Sophie PUYDT, Quentin MONIN, Martine WEBER, Bastien
Publisher : Materials Research Forum
Shot-peening is a common mechanical surface treatment used in automotive and aeronautical industries to enhance life duration of mechanical parts by introducing compressive residual stresses. TRIP 780 steel fatigue type specimens are shot-peened and loaded under cyclic bending. The martensite phase transformation and the evolution of residual stresses in the different phases are determined by XRD at different numbers of cycles. A FEM model is also proposed to better understand the evolution of residual stresses in the first cycles.
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2019

The macroscopic behavior of pantographic sheets depends mainly on their microstructure: experimental evidence and qualitative analysis of damage in metallic specimens

Authors : DE ANGELO, Michele SPAGNUOLO, Mario D’ANNIBALE, Francesco PFAFF, Aron HOSCHKE, Klaus MISRA, Aviral DUPUY, Corinne PEYRE, Patrice DIRRENBERGER, JUSTIN PAWLIKOWSKI, Marek
Publisher : Springer New York LLC
Recently the exotic properties of pantographic metamaterials have been investigated, and various mathematical models (both discrete and continuous) have been introduced. However, the experimental evidence available up to now concerns only polyamide specimens. In this paper, we use specimens printed using metallic powder. We prove experimentally that the main qualitative and quantitative features of pantographic sheets in planar deformation are independent of the constituting materials, at least when they can be regarded as homogeneous and isotropic at micro-level. Of course, the absolute value of Young’s modulus of constituent material affects the overall reaction force needed to the hard device to impose a given displacement: A first investigation on this effect is also attempted.
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